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March 6, 2015

Speaker: Nikolay Yakovets, PhD candidate (York University)

Title: Query Planning for Evaluating SPARQL Property Paths

Abstract: The extension of SPARQL in version 1.1 with property paths offers a type of regular path query for RDF graph databases. However, such queries are difficult to optimize and evaluate efficiently. We have embarked on a project, Waveguide, to build a cost-based optimizer for SPARQL queries with property paths. Waveguide builds a query plan — a waveguide plan (WGP) — which guides the query evaluation. There are numerous choices in the construction of a plan, and a number of optimization methods, meaning the space of plans for a query can be quite large. Execution costs of plans for the same query can vary by orders of magnitude. We illustrate the types of optimizations this approach affords and the performance gains that can be obtained. A WGP's costs can be estimated, which opens the way to cost-based optimization.